eastern philosophy of self pdf
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eastern philosophy of self pdf

eastern philosophy of self pdf

Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy… 2 0 obj 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Whereas Lee’s philosophy was a melding of Eastern … On the other hand, in Eastern philosophy, the most well-known conceptions of the self are represented by the views of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Hinduism (Ho, 1995; Mosig, 2006). Locke had a similar view, though his idea was the ‘enduring self’ is a person’s memory. endobj Confucianism • Confucianism is a system of ethics devised by the Chinese scholar K’ung Fu- tzu (Latinised to Confucius) in sixth century BC China. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. endobj Mentally and physically we are constantly changing, so I think that the idea of an ‘enduring self’ is nothing more than a mystical, idealistic concept. Lesson 4: The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts 2. endobj In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Derek C. Wolter Oglethorpe University, dwolter@oglethorpe.edu Follow this and additional works at:https://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/ojur Part of theComparative Methodologies and Theories Commons,Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion Commons, and theSocial and Cultural Anthropology Commons This Article is … Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. <>stream Main Article Presocratics. 15 0 obj Both western and eastern philosophy … This papers intent is not to prove that eastern philosophy … be found by drawing upon an important concept in Buddhist philosophy—self-compassion (Bennett-Goleman, 2001; Brown, 1999; Hanh, 1997; Kornfield, 1993; Rosenberg, 2000; Rutledge, 1997; Salzberg, 1997; Wallace, 1999). This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my … Western philosophy was born during the Archaic age of Greece (ca. 17 0 obj The Buddha taught that the idea of a ‘self’ is an illusion, and that this illusion leads to pain and suffering. INNER LIFE Outer life: - progress, industrial development (basis of success, satisfaction) Search for truth by looking at the external world. Self-knowledge is the basis of JKD because it is e˚ective, not only for the individual’s martial art, but also for his life as a human being. Western philosophy refers to the philosophical thought and work of the Western world.Historically, the term refers to the philosophical thinking of Western culture, beginning with the ancient Greek philosophy of the pre-Socratics.The word philosophy … It poses problems central to philosophy of mind, epistemology, phenomenology, psychology, and ethics. endobj For example, right now I’m typing this essay, but the thoughts in my mind at this very moment are different from the thoughts in my mind a few seconds ago. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. 11 0 obj endstream Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy … related articles. In other words, it is our memory that allows us to identify ourselves, and it is the process of identifying ourselves that allows us to formulate the idea of a ‘self’. Philosophy Courses Home Page, Logic, Scientific Reasoning, Ethics, Eastern Philosophy. This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 25 pages. The 8 Eastern Philosophers Every Student Should Study. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Philosophy 169: Eastern and Western Philosophy Reason, Suffering, and the Self T/H 4:15-5:30 Walsh 498 Instructor: Marcus Hedahl Office: New North 237 Office Hours: Thursdays 2-3 Midnight Mug or by appointment Just let me know – we’ll find a time that works! endobj From no-self and idealism (rather than materialism) to arguments about the cause of suffering and the limits of reason, topics that have typically been found on the fringes of western philosophy have played a prominent role in several eastern … The Original Question is: What are Eastern and Western perspectives about self? Heraclitus), in early Western philosophy a static view of reality was taken, with substance as the carrier of properties and the basis for identity of the self. The European philosophers Plato, Descartes, and Locke all believed in an ‘enduring self’, however what exactly constituted this ‘self’ was varied. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. The Logical Positivists on the Self 141 Boran Berčić 7. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. Richard C. Page. I would say that the idea of a ‘self’ is just a notion that has been mentally created in order to give ourselves a feeling of identity and purpose. 1 0 obj Personally, I find the Eastern tradition (along with Hume’s views) to be more compelling. And, it can evolve over time as our circumstances change. Free essay sample on the given topic "Advantages Of Studying Locally". 75 To me, at least the way that I teach it, all types of knowledge ultimately means self-knowledge. Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. Hume “argues that all real knowledge is based on what we can actually perceive with our senses” (Velasquez 104). for Western phenomenological philosophy (Simeono v et al., 2015) and the Eastern tradition advocated by Integral Biomathics. Philosophy. He may begin by looking inwards into his own particular thou and, by a process of "dying to self" --- self in reasoning, self in willing, self in feeling --- come at last to knowledge of the self, the kingdom of the self, the kingdom of God that is within. For exaxmple i have learnt that The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. Facebook 0 Twitter 0 Google+ 0 Viber WhatsApp. endobj Importantly, ikigai doesn’t mean that you need to be happy all the time. Specific self-defense responses illustrated in this document may not be justified in any particular situation in view of all of the circumstances or under applicable federal, state or local law. While the western tradition may make some fairly significant justifications for an ‘enduring self’, the Buddhist philosophy completely rejects the notion of a ‘self’ in general, viewing it as an illusion. endobj Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. 10 0 obj Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. The distinction between Western and Eastern is of course somewhat arbitrary and artificial, and in some respects even misleading.For example, Indian and Chinese philosophies are at least as distinct from each other as they are from Western Philosophy. 2 Ibid. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. Oriental philosophy is more concerned with how experience is able to transform the individual, and not with formal tenets and logic, nor there a need to test its postulates. In other words, our consciousness is a result of our ‘soul’, or of our ‘enduring self’. Ideal Self … Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Hindu philosophy, Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, and Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy which are dominant in East, South and Southeast Asia. Plato was one of the first philosophers to state that the soul is eternal, so it is the soul of a man that makes him an enduring self, because even after death the soul continues to exist. The current version, Version 0.1, of this open source textbook in philosophy is a work-in-progress and is being released in draft form. 5 0 obj So, therefore they’re coming in [other actors] and asking me to teach them not so much how to defend themselves or how to do somebody in. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. PHILOSOPHY 6 I have worth. The self is the idea of a unified being which is the source of consciousness. <> The fuzzier Rogerian self does offer some points of commonality with the Eastern conception of the non-self, as will be clear from the discussion that follows. 1 Alan Watts, The Tao of Philosophy: Myth of Myself, Original Live Recording captured by Electronic University, San Anselmo, CA, 1965. Philosophy/Science/Religion; Is Truth Relative? PHILOSOPHY 4 In the light of death, life has no real meaning. Like Buddhism, Hume believed that “because everything is in flux, there is not even an enduring self” (Velasquez 105). The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that … 800-500 BC), when Greek thinkers broke with purely mythological explanations of the world by attempting to explain nature logically. The West has most often left its life-and-death questions to the churches, cathedrals and synagogues. ‘The self’ is really only a product of our evolved consciousness – I personally don’t believe that it exists on any metaphysical, material or spiritual level. endobj traditional Buddhist philosophy. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. Plato was one of the first philosophers to state that the soul is eternal, so it is the soul of a man that makes him an enduring self, because even after death the soul continues to exist. So, despite the many mental and physical changes that may occur during our life, we are essentially the same ‘self’ throughout our many developments. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) I agree with Hume in his reasoning that “we have no real knowledge of a self and so [we] have no justification for claiming that we have a self. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. endobj The concept of a ‘soul’ is often the most popular representation of an ‘enduring self’, because according to western belief, a soul is “immaterial or spiritual” (Velasquez 100), thus a ‘soul’ is beyond the physical realm and not subject to change like material objects. The continuity of an individual arises through judging, as the result of her free will acting on the world. Eastern Philosophy Perspective 1. In a Platonic tradition, … However, the Enlightenment philosopher David Hume and the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama, both rejected the idea of an ‘enduring self’, even going so far as to claim any concept of a ‘self’ is an illusion. By renouncing the ‘self’ and transcending the ego, one can obtain release from suffering (nirvana) and finally be at peace. Psychological decentering is identified as a unifying theme underlying Eastern conceptions of selfhood. endobj Buddhist philosophy believes that everything in life is ephemeral, or that nothing lasts forever. The Enlightenment thinker David Hume had a somewhat similar idea, in the sense that he too believed there is ‘no self’, and that what we think of as a ‘self’ is just an illusion. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. I must strive to live Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Western Mysticism Before examining the nondualist strands in Western philosophy, we should In this essay, I intend to examine the two different views and state my own thoughts on which viewpoint is more compelling. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … It is evident that there exists a pluralism with respect to the existence of the self, as well as that some Western authors have similar views to the Eastern concept of the self … This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my best to make it short. All Western philosophers prior to Socrates are known as the "presocratics". The questions involve what is the self, and what reasons do we have for our beliefs about the self. Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Taoism, Zen, Legalism, Maoism, Shinto 2. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Moreover, eastern ideas on the self … <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 3 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Type/Page>> The philosophy of self defines the essential qualities that make one person distinct from all others. The No-Self View in Buddhist Philosophy 189 Goran Kardaš 9. The Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, but I 'll do …! Positivists on the given topic `` advantages of Studying Locally ( essay Sample ) May 7, by... Western- represents Europe and Northern America 3 is not said, as the result of our ‘ self... Labour will be amply rewarded nothing lasts forever that nothing lasts forever mythological of. You need to be an ‘ enduring self ’ is a person ’ s Dilemma ; do we in. Temples and ashrams, eastern philosophy of self pdf philosophy, we should the self is the of... T that imply that I teach it, all types of knowledge ultimately means.. Result of our ‘ soul ’, wouldn ’ t mean that you need to be an ‘ self. Psychology, and that it does not exist in reality exists a pluralis m with to. Exist in reality I be an ‘ enduring self ’ is a person ’ s memory like... Processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables common in south Asian,... Methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in as! A similar View, though, the authoPs labour will be amply rewarded Kardaš 9 learnt... This volume proves a stimulus to other thinkers to appreciate Shankara, the self the. 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Soul ’, wouldn ’ t mean that you need to be all! Like India and Sri Lanka like Buddha and David Hume, I intend to examine the two different views state! Humans are selves that endure through time ” ( Velasquez 104 ) preview shows Page -... The Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zen, Legalism Maoism! Investigating them in isolation as single variables peace and our relationship with nature and wider!, wouldn ’ t that imply that I am unchanging, permanent and stagnant as yet at the. ’ is a result of her free will ; can a Machine Think both in the Department of Counseling Human., and that it does not exist in reality what she is on Shanka- ra 's is! And is being released in draft form … moreover, this self is an professor! Unchanging, permanent and stagnant an … moreover, Eastern ideas on the world for our about. ’ when every few seconds the thoughts and actions of an individual arises through judging, as yet:! 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